Why Can’t Wizards Copy Cantrips in DND? (Official Answer)

Wizards in Dungeons & Dragons are renowned for their vast and versatile spellcasting abilities.

A common question among players is why can’t wizards copy cantrips into their spellbooks?

Wizards can’t copy cantrips in D&D as these are foundational spells learned and ingrained through class progression, not through transcription into spellbooks. This rule maintains game balance and preserves the unique spellcasting identity of wizards.

This article explores the rules-as-written (RAW) from official DND sources, explains the limitation, and uncovers a few potential loopholes.

Can Wizards Copy Cantrips?

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According to the official Dungeons & Dragons Player’s Handbook, wizards have a unique method of spellcasting that revolves around their spellbook.

This book is where they record the spells they have learned and is essential for preparing their spells after a long rest. The rules explicitly state that wizards can add spells to their spellbook through discovery and learning, but this only applies to spells of 1st level and higher.

Cantrips, being 0-level spells, do not fit into this category.

Wizards start with a set of cantrips and learn more as they level up, as indicated in their class progression chart.

However, unlike spells of 1st level and above, cantrips cannot be written into a wizard’s spellbook.

This is because cantrips are considered simple spells that are so deeply ingrained in a wizard’s mind that they become second nature.

Essentially, cantrips are the foundational spells that a wizard learns and masters.

They don’t require preparation or use of a spell slot.

Reasons Behind the Limitation

The restriction on wizards copying cantrips is not arbitrary.

Actually, it is rooted in several key reasons that align with the game’s design and balance.

Understanding these reasons helps players appreciate the nuances of spellcasting in D&D.

Game Balance

Maintaining game balance is a primary reason for this limitation.

Allowing wizards to copy an unlimited number of cantrips could lead to an imbalance in power compared to other classes.

Cantrips, by design, are spells that can be cast at will without consuming a spell slot.

If wizards had access to a broader array of cantrips, it would significantly enhance their versatility and power in a way that could overshadow other classes.

This could disrupt the carefully calibrated balance of abilities among different character types.

Thematic Consistency

D&D’s design philosophy emphasizes thematic consistency in its classes.

Cantrips for wizards are basic, foundational spells reflecting their academic study and innate understanding of magic.

This thematic element suggests that cantrips are more than just spells in a book.

They are deeply ingrained abilities.

Allowing wizards to constantly add new cantrips would detract from the narrative that these spells are fundamental skills developed over time, undermining the thematic consistency of the wizard class.

Spellcasting Identity

Each spellcasting class in D&D has a unique identity, with wizards being scholars of the arcane.

Their method of learning spells through study and transcription emphasizes this scholarly nature.

Cantrips, as innate spells, are learned and mastered without the need for transcription, reinforcing the distinction between learned spells and innate magical abilities.

This separation helps maintain the identity of wizards as meticulous students of arcane knowledge.

Resource Management Challenge

Limiting cantrip copying adds a layer of resource management to the game.

As you might image, this challenges players to make strategic decisions about spell selection and usage.

Wizards must carefully choose which spells to prepare each day.

Thus, balancing their always-available cantrips with their more powerful, limited-use spells.

This adds depth to gameplay, encouraging players to think critically about their spellcasting choices and strategies.

Preserving Class Distinctions

In D&D, distinct class features are vital for a diverse and engaging gameplay experience.

If wizards could freely copy and learn cantrips, it would blur the lines between them and other spellcasting classes, such as sorcerers or warlocks, who also have access to cantrips but through different means.

Preserving this limitation ensures that each class retains its unique features and playstyle, contributing to the rich variety that characterizes the game.

Are There Any Loopholes Where Wizards Can Copy Cantrips?

In DND, players often look for creative ways to bend the rules, and you might be wondering if there are any loopholes that allow wizards to copy cantrips.

Yes, there are a few.

The RAW from the Player’s Handbook is clear that cantrips cannot be copied into a spellbook.

However, there are some exceptional circumstances where a wizard might gain access to copying cantrips.

Wish Spell Loophole

One such exception is the use of the Wish spell, a powerful 9th-level spell that can potentially alter reality.

A player could wish for the ability to learn additional cantrips, though this is subject to the Dungeon Master’s discretion and the inherent risks associated with Wish.

Divine Intervention

Another possibility is through Divine Intervention.

This is a feature available to clerics that calls upon their deity for aid.

If a wizard multi-classes as a cleric and successfully calls for divine aid, they might gain access to additional cantrips, though this is an unconventional and roundabout method.

Homebrew Rules

Homebrew rules, created and agreed upon by the gaming group, can also provide a means for wizards to learn extra cantrips.

These rules are not official and vary from table to table.

In some homebrew settings, a wizard might be able to learn additional cantrips through special training, quests, or magical artifacts.

However, it’s important to remember that such exceptions are not part of the official D&D rules.

Exceptions should be used with consideration for game balance and the overall gaming experience.

Can Other Spellcasters Copy Cantrips?

Various spellcasting classes have their unique mechanics and limitations regarding spell acquisition.

Understanding how wizards compare to other spellcasters, particularly in the context of cantrips, provides a clearer picture of the game’s balance and design philosophy.


Sorcerers, much like wizards, begin with a selection of cantrips and gain more as they level up.

However, their method of learning spells is innately different.

Sorcerers are born with a natural magical ability, which means their spells, including cantrips, are a part of their very being.

They cannot add spells to their repertoire through study or copying.

Instead, they are limited to the spells gained through their class progression.

This innate nature of sorcery means that, like wizards, sorcerers cannot copy cantrips.


Clerics are another class with access to cantrips, which they receive as divine gifts from their deities.

Their spellcasting abilities, including learning cantrips, are granted by divine favor.

They are not learned or copied from texts.

Clerics choose their cantrips from their class spell list and, similar to wizards and sorcerers, cannot add to these through copying.

Their cantrips are a part of their divine connection, reinforcing the thematic elements of their class.


Warlocks gain their spellcasting abilities, including cantrips, through a pact with a powerful otherworldly being.

Like clerics, their cantrips are more a reflection of their pact than learned spells.

Warlocks also cannot copy cantrips into a spellbook or learn additional cantrips outside of their class progression.

Their relationship with their patron shapes their abilities.

All of this makes the acquisition of spells a personal and unique experience.

Druids and Bards

Druids and bards, while not as centrally focused on spellbooks as wizards, also have access to cantrips.

These classes learn their cantrips through their connection to nature or through their artistic magic, respectively.

Neither class has the ability to copy cantrips.

Their spellcasting methods do not involve the same type of scholarly study and transcription that characterizes the wizard class.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Here are answers to some frequently asked questions to help shed more light on this fascinating aspect of the game.

Can Wizards Learn New Cantrips as They Level Up?

Yes, wizards can learn new cantrips as they level up.

According to the Player’s Handbook, wizards gain additional cantrips at certain levels as indicated in their class progression chart.

However, the number of cantrips a wizard can learn through leveling up is limited.

Unlike spells of 1st level and higher, these additional cantrips are not written into the spellbook but are learned and remembered, becoming a part of the wizard’s innate spellcasting repertoire.

Is It Possible for a Wizard to Forget a Cantrip?

Once a wizard learns a cantrip, it is permanently ingrained in their memory.

Unlike spells that are prepared from a spellbook, cantrips are always ready to use and do not occupy a space in the wizard’s daily spell preparations.

Under normal game rules, a wizard cannot forget a cantrip or swap it out for another as they level up.

Can a Wizard Use a Spell Scroll to Cast a Cantrip They Don’t Know?

Wizards can use spell scrolls to cast spells that are not in their spellbook, including cantrips.

If a magic spell is in your class’s special list of spells, you can use a scroll to cast that spell easily without needing any extra magical stuff.

This means a wizard can temporarily cast a cantrip from a scroll even if they don’t know it.

But the scroll is consumed in the process.

Do Cantrips Count Towards the Number of Spells a Wizard Can Prepare Each Day?

No, cantrips do not count towards the number of spells a wizard can prepare each day.

Cantrips are considered always ready and do not use up any of the wizard’s spell slots.

This means wizards have constant access to their cantrips, allowing them to use these spells at will without affecting their daily preparation of more powerful spells.

Can Wizards Share Cantrips with Other Wizards?

While wizards cannot copy cantrips into their spellbooks, they can certainly share the knowledge of a cantrip with another wizard.

This sharing is more in the form of teaching or demonstrating the cantrip.

As opposed to than transferring it through a written medium.

The receiving wizard would still need to learn the cantrip through their natural class progression, as the game mechanics do not allow for the direct transfer or copying of cantrips between spellbooks.

For more about cantrips in DND, check out this video:

YouTube Video by Artificial DM – Why Can’t Wizards Copy Cantrip?

Final Thoughts: Why Can’t Wizards Copy Cantrips?

A wizard’s relationship with cantrips is as elemental as the spells themselves, revealing the depths of arcane mastery.

For more magical insights, continue reading our other informative articles.

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Wizard of the Coast – DND Player’s Handbook